CSTEP has been identified as a Technical Resource Institute by Government of Karnataka vide. Government Order No. PD 82 PSD 2015, dated 15.09.2015. The GO can be accessed here.
Under this GO, CSTEP was entrusted to undertake six studies in the domains of Energy, Urban Planning and Transportation. CSTEP has completed these studies and the proceedings of the Project Approval Committee meeting can be accessed here.
CSTEP conducted two studies for the Government of Karnataka with the broad goals of evaluating the initiatives of Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) on modal share in public transport and exploring the potential of integrating the operations of BMTC and Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL).
1) Integration of BMTC and BMRCL
The objective of this study was to increase the public transport mode share in Bengaluru through potential collaboration between BMTC and BMRCL. The study recommended measures towards route integration, infrastructure integration, and institutional integration. CSTEP identified potential feeder bus routes to address the first- and last-mile connectivity to Metro stations and essential physical infrastructure required for various Metro station typologies. The institutional integration study proposed an institutional framework for improved functioning of the public transport agencies in Bengaluru.
The study recommendations can serve as a guideline for the design future Metro stations and integration with other modes of transport for seamless connectivity.
2) Evaluation of BMTC Initiatives on Modal Share
Initiative 1: Impact of Metro on Bus Ridership
Initiative 2: Feasibility of New Routes for High End AC Buses
Initiative 3: Impact of Cab Aggregators on Vayu Vajra Service
Initiative 4: Improvement and Extension of Chartered Services
Initiative 5: Exploring Potential of BMTC Land Resources
Energy Efficient Irrigation Pumps
Karnataka’s Energy Mix: Computational Model for Energy Planning
The main aim of this study was to increase the modal share of public buses in Bengaluru by introducing new AC bus services and rationalising the impacted bus schedules. The study also suggested strategies for revenue generation from chartered/dedicated bus services and land monetisation. The study on new AC bus services identified feasible bus routes for operation along major corridors in Bengaluru. The route-rationalising study identified impacted bus schedules along Metro corridors as well as airport bus schedules. The study on chartered/dedicated bus services proposed a model to increase revenue generation, considering flexible slab rates and additional bus demand. The land monetisation study identified land parcels suitable for economic activities based on land use and zonal regulations.
The study recommendations were accepted by BMTC and considered for implementation.
The Government of India has ambitious targets of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022. Karnataka had a renewable capacity share of around 35%, out of 20 GW of the installed generation capacity mix, as of March 2017. This is further expected to increase as the state (KREDL) aims to have 6.86 GW of solar and 4.9 GW of wind generation capacity by FY19.
This study looks into the impact of planned renewable energy addition, up to FY 2018-19, on the Karnataka grid. Detailed power flow analyses were conducted for each of the financial years 2017-18 and 2018-19. The analyses were conducted for six different scenarios, for these two years, in order to capture the variation in solar and wind generation, and the state’s total demand. The study also looked into the effect that taluk-level limits on RE capacity had on the grid.
A Geographical Information System (GIS) enabled, web-based energy planning platform has been developed to visualise power flow scenarios. The visualisation platform allows users to better understand the impact of high renewable energy capacity deployment in Karnataka.
Dedicated Feeders for IPs Using Solar Based Generation
The agricultural sector in Karnataka accounts for 39% of the state’s electricity (~21,344 MU). This is provided for free, or at heavily subsidised rates, to farmers. Moreover, electricity is not metered. This has led to an estimated revenue loss of INR 9,295 crore for the state DISCOMs. The Government has attempted several initiatives to reduce this loss. One option being followed is segregation of domestic and agricultural feeders. The feeder separation provides an opportunity for use of solar energy to supply electricity to agricultural feeders. Karnataka not only has good solar radiation profile but is also a leading state in solar installations with a commissioned capacity of ~5.1 GW. This is expected to cross 10 GW by 2025. Therefore, there is a case to examine viability of solar power for supplying dedicated agricultural feeders (DAFs). The Energy Department requested CSTEP to assess the technical and economic feasibility of supplying the DAFs with solar-based generation. The objective is to determine whether existing and proposed PV plants (1-5 MW) can supply these feeders directly, thereby reducing losses and increasing accountability in terms of metering. CSTEP undertook this study and analysed various system designs to construct an implementable roadmap with policy recommendations for the Energy Department.
Sustainable Urban Planning Strategies for Cities in Karnataka
CSTEP undertook several studies towards enabling sustainable urban planning strategies for Karnataka.
1) A Proof-of-Concept Urban Observatory Platform for Karnataka
The objective of the project was to build a Proof of Concept (PoC) of an Urban Observatory platform for Karnataka, which can carry out geo-spatial data analyses and visualisation to enable data-driven decision-making.
The Urban Observatory explored how a complete data story around a specific theme can be presented by collecting, integrating, analysing and visualising data from multiple sources. The PoC demonstrates these features through the themes of ‘noise pollution’ and ‘understanding city growth dynamics’. This PoC Urban Observatory can be expanded to explore other urban themes and can be replicated to create similar observatories for other cities in Karnataka.
2) Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Transport Strategies for Cities in Karnataka
The objective of this project was to identify strategic priorities for sustainable urban water, sanitation, and transport planning in different regions/cities of Karnataka.
In this study, the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) was applied to formulate contextually-relevant water and sanitation strategies for different urban geographies in the state. The project demonstrated how cities can conduct pre-feasibility assessment for choosing the right sanitation technologies for their context. The study also suggested possible EV penetration strategies in different transport modes for different city categories.